More than 29,000 homicide victims in Mexico in 2017

The Mexican government SESNSP just posted the crime data for December 2017. I use the report entitled: Informe de víctimas de homicidio, secuestro y extorsión 2017

The full report is online here: http://secretariadoejecutivo.gob.mx/docs/pdfs/victimas/Victimas2017_122017.pdf

Below is a quick summary of the homicide data 2007-2017. I attached a file with screen shots from the report. molly

HOMICIDE VICTIMSINMEXICO2007-2017

Summary compiled by Molly Molloy, Latest update January 22, 2018

YEAR #Homicides Rate=#/100,000
2007* 8,867 8
2008 14,006 13
2009 19,803 18
2010 25,757 23
2011 27,213 24
2012 25,967 22
2013 23,063 19
2014 20,010 17
2015 20,525 17
2016 23,953 20
2017 29,168 23**
TOTAL 238,332

The SESNSP REPORTED A TOTAL of 2,575 victims of intentional homicide (homicidios doloso) in December 2017. This brings the total number of homicide victims in 2017 to 29,168. This total represents an average of more than 2,400 victims per month; 80 victims per day. Homicide victims in 2017 surpass the total number of homicide victims (27,213) in 2011, making 2017 the most violent year in recent history in Mexico. The murder rate is the highest since 2011, the slightly lower rate is because of the population increase.

**The murder rate in 2017 is based on the 2016 population estimate for Mexico (via google) of 127.5 million.

If we add the estimate of more than 30,000 people reported missing/disappeared as reported by Mexican government agencies and civic groups, then the number of people killed or disappeared since 2007 is likely greater than 268,000. See:

http://www.univision.com/noticias/desapariciones/una-lista-de-desaparecidos-en-mexico-incluye-por-primera-vez-la-identidad-de-30-000-personas

http://personasdesaparecidas.org.mx/semblanza

Registro Nacional de Datos de Personas Extraviadas o Desaparecidas: https://rnped.segob.gob.mx/

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-crime/mexico-enacts-law-to-help-find-thousands-missing-in-gang-violence-idUSKBN1DH07U

*Homicide totals 2007-2016 from INEGI in report released in July 2017. See: http://www.inegi.org.mx/saladeprensa/boletines/2017/homicidios/homicidios2017_07.pdf

**Homicide totals for 2017 from SESNSP:

The latest report covers numbers of victims through December 2017:

http://secretariadoejecutivo.gob.mx/docs/pdfs/victimas/Victimas2017_122017.pdf

The table below provides total homicides reported for the previous four “sexenios” (presidential terms). President Enrique Peña Nieto’s term began in December 2012. Homicides decreased slightly during the first three years of his term, then increased steadily after 2015 (see table above). If the trend continues, EPN’s sexenio (which ends in Dec 2018) will probably be the most violent in terms of total homicides. To more accurately compare these trends over time, it will be necessary to calculate the murder rates (#homicides per 100,000 people) based on the population during each period.

Sexenio Homicides INEGI Homicides per day
Salinas 1989-1994 93,493* 43
Zedillo 1995-2000 80,311 36
Fox 2001-2006 60,162 27
Calderón 2007-2012 121,683 56
Peña Nieto 2013- 2017 116,719** 64

*INEGI homicide data for 1990-1994 plus SINAIS (Sistema Nacional de Informacion de Salud) for 1989.

**2017 data from SESNSP. This figure is an estimate using annual data figures, not monthly.

For an older and more detailed explanation of Mexican homicide statistics during this period of hyperviolence, see:

http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/the-mexican-undead-toward-a-new-history-of-the-%E2%80%9Cdrug-war%E2%80%9D-killing-fields The Mexican Undead: Toward a New History of the “Drug War” Killing Fields

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