15 killed in Juarez…18 so far in 2018

At least 15 people were killed during Thursday afternoon and evening in Juarez in a series of multiple homicide incidents…  In one of these events, three women were shot to death. One of the victims is reported to be a minor. In all, 18 people have been killed in the first 4 days of 2018. molly

Masacre en Juárez; ejecutan a 13 en dos horas

Racha violenta: matan a 15

El Diario de Juárez | Viernes 05 Enero 2018 | 00:01:00 hrs

772 homicides in Juarez in 2017–highest number since 2012

The articles below from El Diario de Juarez summarize the bad news in terms of violence in the city in 2017. There were a total of 88 homicides in December, making the last month the most violent of the year. There were 772 total homicides in 2017–a 43% increase over the number of homicides in 2016.  There are some differences in the numbers that I’ve kept over the years and those published in El Diario. I think this comes from exactly which municipals are included in the counts for each year. A separate article yesterday reported a total of 94 homicides of women in 2017. (Another summary article said 96, so I recorded 95 in my tally). Either number comes out to 12.3 percent of the total victims being women in 2017–this is a significant increase over last year. Still, the average percentage of female homicides (compared to the totals) comes to 9.4 percent from 1993–present.

These numbers will probably be adjusted a few times as generally happens at the end of the year, but the trend will be about the same–significant increases in homicides in Juarez make 2017 the most violent year since 2012. I’ve also posted here the tallies I have, including some variation from those reported in the past two days in El Diario.  molly molloy

Juarez 2017
January 53
February 87
March 68
April 31
May 45
June 83
July 51
August 45
September 74
October 66
November 81
December 88
Juarez Homicides by Gender
               Women Total Homicides % female victims
1993 19 123 15
1994 19 234 8
1995 36 294 12
1996 37 253 14
1997 32 260 12
1998 36 242 15
1999 18 176 10
2000 32 250 13
2001 37 247 15
2002 36 276 13
2003 28 205 13
2004 19 202 9
2005 33 207 16
2006 20 253 8
2007 25 320 8
2008 87 1623 6
2009 164 2754 6
2010 304 3622 8
2011 195 2086 9
2012 94 803 12
2013 93 535 17
2014 45 429 10
2015 46 311 15
2016 56 546 10
2017 95 772 12
TOTALS 1606 17023 9.4

Con 88 homicidios, es diciembre el más violento

Luz del Carmen Sosa/
El Diario de Juárez | Martes 02 Enero 2018 | 00:01:00 hrs

Suman 7 mujeres asesinadas en el mes

El Diario de Juárez | Domingo 31 Diciembre 2017 | 00:01:00 hrs

Alcanza violencia nivel de hace 5 años

Martín Orquiz/
El Diario de Juárez | Lunes 01 Enero 2018 | 00:01:00 hrs

Family separation at the border…Houston Chronicle

This excellent article presents the cruel reality of family separation now practiced by ICE and CBP with the willing participation of immigration judges.  This family’s experience shows how arbitrary asylum officers can be in a credible fear interview.  One member gets a positive credible fear determination, another with the same story is deemed negative. So much has to do with the situation of the interview… A detained person may not feel free or able to adequately describe what has happened. The document reproduced shows numerous errors of translation or transcription. There is no indication that this family has an advocate who could help to clarify this story or provide documents to corroborate the case.  News articles about the murder in El Salvador would have to be translated into English in order to be accepted as evidence in immigration court. The situation of gangs, military and police violence in El Salvador sounds too chaotic to be true to most Americans…even those officials trained to make these determinations. The mother is criminally charged, separated from her child and depressed. Is it any wonder that she cannot adequately explain the details of her case to a voice on a telephone?  She doesn’t even know where her child is, or if she will be sent back to El Salvador where she has nothing and lose custody of her child forever. Where she may not even survive.
In a legitimate process, the three members of this family would be able to seek asylum together since the dangers they face come from the same facts: the murder of their husband/father; the threats and retributions by both Salvadoran military officials and gangs. A person with expertise would explain the process, would counsel them. Instead, each person faces this confusing legal process alone; the mother is still detained and with a criminal charge in El Paso, she is unlikely to ever qualify for bond. She may not even have an asylum hearing as she did not pass her credible fear interview. In the El Paso immigration court, 98 percent of asylum cases are denied. With the criminal illegal entry charge, she may not even qualify for asylum.
Her adult son who passed his credible fear interview will have an asylum hearing in 2020 and can work. It is unclear if he has representation. A positive credible fear determination does not guarantee that he will be granted asylum. On the interview form (included at the link) the officer finds that there is “NO NEXUS” for his asylum claim… This means that his story does not indicate clear evidence that the persecution he suffered in El Salvador is due to his race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. However, his story is centered on the fact that his father was a military officer and was murdered by gang members due to actions he took as part of his job. Then the son was targeted and persecuted by both the military and the gangs. It is likely that an asylum attorney could establish the required nexus in this case.
Multiply this story (by hundreds? thousands?) and get an idea of the impact of a system designed to deport as many people as possible and to deny access to people with legitimate asylum claims. Separating families at the border is now deemed a legitimate practice by DHS to deter people from Central America trying to reach safety…many of them children. Instead of traveling with a parent, it is likely that many more will be handed over to human smugglers.
Go to the link to see the photos and the immigration documents included with this story. molly molloy

EL PASO – The boy was crying as federal agents ordered him into the government vehicle. Tell your mother goodbye, they said.

It was late October, and Blanca Vasquez and her 12-year-old son, Luis, had only been in the United States for a few hours. They had crossed the Rio Grande near El Paso, giving themselves up to Border Patrol agents to ask for asylum. A gang in El Salvador had murdered her husband, a military sergeant, and she said they were now after Luis.

For decades, hundreds of thousands of immigrant families from Central America, escaping gang violence and political persecution, have followed a similar path, relying on international treaties protecting those seeking asylum from being summarily turned away.

Vasquez figured she and Luis would be detained, or even released, while she fought for asylum. A 20-year-old federal settlement that bars the extended detention of migrant children would ensure they stayed together.

But that was then. This summer, the practice changed.