Violence cost Mexico 4.4 billion pesos, 27.7% of the gross domestic product, in 2013. A study carried out by the Institute for Economy and Peace found that Mexico is the second “least peaceful” country in Latin America [the article does not say what the least peaceful country is…I assume it is Honduras based on recent info] and since 2008, Mexico has gone down 45 positions in the international peace index. Turkey, Iran, Venezuela and Bolivia are all higher than Mexico in this ranking.
The report from the international organization estimates that the least violent state in Mexico is Campeche…The most violent state is Morelos with a murder rate of 78 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. [n.b. I am not sure what figures the report is using as in the most recent INEGI report, Morelos had a murder rate of about 33 in 2013. See: http://www.inegi.org.mx/inegi/contenidos/espanol/prensa/Boletines/Boletin/Comunicados/Especiales/2014/julio/comunica3.pdf According to that same report (just released in July) the state with the highest murder rate in 2013 was Guerrero with 63 homicides per 100,000 people; second is Chihuahua with 59]
The northern region of the country has had the largest deterioration in the peace index–40% in the past 10 years.
Another interesting finding: 90% of the population of Mexico believe that the police are corrupt.
And in the past 10 years, homicides related to organized crime (no definition given) have increased 73%.
I believe that this is the website for the Institute: http://economicsandpeace.org/
And some info for MEXICO here: http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/mexico-peace-index
But I do not think it includes the most recent information…
The full reports are available here: http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/our-gpi-findings
Note that Russia ranks as less peaceful than Mexico or any other country in the Americas, according to the map… Based on a quick look at the report, the organization includes more factors than homicide rates.
I hope to report later this week on the new INEGI numbers released recently. -molly
UPDATE: August 6, 2014
Here’s a comment and corrective on the data mentioned in this article from Proceso. Thanks to Jose Luis for sending. I have not studied the reports at the Economics and Peace Institute, but I think there is some interesting stuff there. See: http://economicsandpeace.org/ -Molly