WikiLeaks Highlight Concerns About Juárez Drug Abuse, Mexican Drug Wars…EPTimes

Many of the Wikileaks revelations about Juarez were detailed in earlier reports (from 2012) in the Narco News Bulletin:

Mexican Diplomat Traded Secrets with Private Intel Firm Stratfor, WikiLeaks Documents Reveal

Mexican Special Forces Employed as Death Squads in Drug War, Email Records Released by WikiLeaks Reveal

This current info is from the El Paso Times.

WikiLeaks Highlight Concerns About Juárez Drug Abuse, Mexican Drug Wars

Drug addiction in Juárez represents a daily drug-trafficking market of about $2.3 million, according to files disclosed by online whistleblower WikiLeaks.

The leaked file cites a Mexican official who is referred to only as “MX-1.” During a meeting with U.S. and Mexican officials, the official identified as MX-1 said “that Juárez has a drug abuse problem which amounts to about 30 million pesos a day.”

“It’s a 30 million peso a day market for Juárez, with anywhere from 2,000 to 2,500 individuals,” MX-1 said. “He (MX-1) added, for example, they know that most of the people that are participating in the kidnappings are addicts,” according to the leaked file…

Mexico’s Congress Approves Revision of Military Code Of Justice…LA Times

Note the low-ball numbers of dead and disappeared in the LATimes story: “Since then, more than 70,000 people have been killed and more than 20,000 have gone missing, some of whom were last seen in custody of the military.”

Another compilation of info below from Panamerican Post.

Mexico’s Congress Approves Revision of Military Code Of Justice (LA Times)

Mexico Lawmakers Vote for Military Justice Reform (Panamerican Post)

U.S. role at a crossroads in Mexico’s intelligence war on the cartels…Washington Post

I recommend careful reading of this article by Dana Priest of the Washington Post…  A few paragraphs are highlighted. There is also an excellent graphic at the link showing the very small number of Mexican military and police killed since 2006…the number is significant, but not when compared to the 100,000+ civilians killed and the 25,000+ disappeared.

After reading this article, I’m struck by this sub-headline below: Violence deepened ties

I think we should ask: “Did the violence deepen tie (between Mexican and US security forces) OR did the deepened ties increase the violence??

The article confirms many of the operations revealed by the Wikileaks files on Mexico and covered in detail by Narco News Bulletin. The article also describes some detail about the long-standing and extremely close relationship between Mexican security forces (especially CISEN) and the CIA dating back to the 1980s. The information on US drones being used in Mexican security operations is especially interesting and troubling…I highlighted the paragraphs on the lack of effects on the supply and price of heroin, cocaine and other drugs in the US, despite the extremely high number of Mexican deaths. The main thing missing from the article is any hint that there is no information to be able to determine that the dead are indeed cartel criminals. But, we can’t have everything.
Read the article… comments welcome.  molly

 

Hand of U.S. Is Seen in Halting General’s Rise in Mexico- NY Times

I think it is interesting that this NYTimes article mentions only General Garcia Ochoa and that the DEA suspicions of him stem from reports of events back in 1997. That was the same year that another top Mexican General and “drug czar,” Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo, was discovered to be working directly for the Carrillo-Fuentes (Juarez) Cartel. In fact, the NY Times has many stories on General Guitierrez Rebollo at this link.

Not all of the articles are available, but just a scan of the headlines and dates will give you an idea. For more links, see:

It seems quite a missing piece in today’s article that the name of General Gutierrez Rebollo is not mentioned at all… But the article is well worth the time. Just leaves me with more questions than answers.  Considering recent killings in Coahuila, we might wonder what General Garcia Ochoa was really up to there… molly

Human rights and the Mexican military…Council on Foreign Relations

For those who care to look back at the record, the reports of severe human rights abuses in the current Mexican context first came to light just a few DAYS after the Mexican Army troops came to Juarez in March 2008. Municipal police walked out in protest; citizens protested home invasions and abductions, notably in the Valle de Juarez. One of the most vocal protesters was Josefina Reyes–she was later murdered by the Mexican Army… Here are her words from early summer, 2008:
“Now you see all these big billboards, ‘We [the army] have come to help you’ — but it isn’t true. They have come to pillage us, to ransack our homes. They take the food in the refrigerator, jewelry, anything . . . and they destroy property. It is not a secret who they are.”
There are many Mexicans who have documented the abuses carried out by the Mexican military against the Mexican people.  It is about time that the international community take note…  molly

Mexican soldier tries to stop fellow soldiers working for narcos…Proceso

Borderland Beat has a translation of a Proceso article about a soldier–a military nurse–assigned to the border crossing at Piedras Negras/Eagle Pass.  This soldier tried to stop a load of drugs being passed through the checkpoint by his fellow soldiers who were actually working for drug dealers. When the soldier tried to do his job by firing his weapon at the ground, the corrupt soldiers called for reinforcements… In the confusion, one soldier dies from a ricocheting bullet. The nurse who tried to stop the smuggling is shot numerous times in the legs and sent to a prison hospital where his legs are amputated. He is also convicted of murder for the death of the smuggling soldier he wounded…  The details of how the video evidence is ignored by the military judges is even more interesting. And how the soldier who tried to stop the criminals is smeared in the press. I think the key phrase in the story is when the corporal working for the narcos screams at the army nurse:
“!No la hagas de pedo, ya está arreglado, vas a valer madres!”, le advirtió el cabo de zapadores Onésimo Díaz Robles…
The transportation of the drug load was approved and arranged by military higher-ups and the honest soldier who tries to do his job ends up losing his legs and accused of murder and in prison. I’d also like to add a correction to the Borderland Beat translation of the Proceso headline: MUTILATED AND IMPRISONED…FOR DOING HIS JOB (that is…for carrying out his duties in a disciplined manner…)
 
There are many comments at the link to the Proceso story.  I would like to pose the question of why incidents like this one that are covered in the national press in Mexico (Proceso is the most important news magazine in the country) are consistently ignored by the U.S. and other international press? Is it because this reality challenges the standard view of the Mexican government and the US government that the Mexican Army are all good guys and fighting the good fight against narco-traffickers? I would note that this one soldier who tried to do the job he was assigned to do was completely surrounded by soldiers at all levels transporting drugs. And in addition to his severe injuries, he is also destroyed by the justice system.  molly

Juarez surrounded by municipalities without police…

Here are the articles on the lack of police in municipios in northern
Chihuahua.  I posted more or less unedited google translations below…
(except that google translated CIPOL as “Man from UNCLE”… thought I would
share that in case anyone remembers that TV show from the 60s…)
In short, the articles go back over some of the incidents in the different
towns since 2008 when the Army first moved into the territory in force.
Many police have been killed, many have fled and the new forces have very
few untrained recruits and almost no weapons or equipment.  The first
article gives a good idea of the geography of the region and the scope of
the problem…The final article from Milenio shows army troops poised to
move into the region before the elections. Based on the huge increase in
violence that began with the army incursions in 2008, these actions by the
governor and the Mexican army may not inspire much confidence.

Rodean a Juárez municipios sin Policía

 GOOGLE TRANSLATION

Juarez surrounding municipalities without police

Luz del Carmen Sosa

The Journal | 23.06.2012 | 00:22

Four years after the mayors of the municipalities surrounding Juarez
exposed facing the worst crisis of insecurity, the situation worsened.
Organized crime disrupted the operation of the public safety of three, and
two have a poor corporation.

The most affected municipalities are Guadalupe, Praxedis G. Guerrero and
Ahumada, since their bodies were scattered police completely, while Janos
corporations and Ascension have very limited functions due to lack of
personnel and equipment.

The newspaper reports that the file calls for help were made since 2008,
when the mayors of these municipalities and their police chiefs presented
at a meeting convened by the State Government that the border between
Mexico and the United States was a secure area so deficient.

The security of the border by agents was hardly finished high school and
most were improvised, as few were instructed to exercise sufficient care
and preventive police, exposed the leaders.

Corporation Praxedis the women make

A radiograph of the five municipalities shows that after the onslaught of
organized crime, little has been done to give people greater security.

For example, the Municipal Public Security Bureau of Ascension, has only 25
items, divided into 12-hour shifts.

“In the morning shift are 12 elements and 13 at night. The working day is
12 hours, “said an officer interviewed yesterday afternoon.

He explained that the operating personnel to patrol on board out of five
patrols.

This town is bordered on the north by the American state of New Mexico on
the east by Ahumada and Juarez, on the south Nuevo Casas Grandes and
Buenaventura on the west by Janos. It has an area of 11 thousand square
kilometers.

Janos Township is located in the northwest corner of Chihuahua, and
bordered on the south by the municipalities of Casas Grandes and Nuevo
Casas Grandes, Ascension to the east, west to Agua Prieta, Sonora, and
north of Hidalgo County American state of New Mexico. It covers an area of
6 000 930.50 square kilometers.

This area is monitored for 24 radiopatrulleros working in shifts of 12
hours and only have 4 patrols to move.

Township abuts the northwest Guadalupe Juarez, on the northeast by Praxedis
G. Guerrero-which is entirely surrounded by its territory, on the west by
Ahumada, and south with those of the Sotol Coyame and Ojinaga, across the
Rio Grande, and borders the County of El Paso, Hudspeth County, the Jeff
Davis County and Presidio County.

It covers an area of 6 000 200.50 square kilometers. Here the corporation
was completely disjointed from December 2010, when the agent Erika Gandara
Irma Archuleta was “lifted” and then murdered.

The 28-year officer was found dead on February 12, 2011 in the sewage canal
at the kilometer 60 of the Juárez-Porvenir highway in the municipality of
Praxedis G. Guerrero, said the Attorney General (EGF).

Erika was deprived of liberty by gunmen who broke into his home. Since then
the Directorate of Municipal Police found headless.

Praxedis entirely restricted to the municipality of Guadalupe and the
counties of El Paso and Hudspeth. Although the authorities claim that the
corporation operates normally, the staff is made up of women who have no
official arms and make crime prevention work.

In the municipality of Ahumada, launched the call to recruit police
personnel and is in the training process. For the time being watched by
only seven officers who have no weapons and have three patrols.

Although not border, adjacent to border communities and is used as a
crossing point for the smuggling of drugs, guns and stolen cars.

All municipalities have been referred to the loss of life in its entirety
and even executives, sets the file journalism.

***********************************************************************

Villa Ahumada care only 7 elements … unarmed

Luz del Carmen Sosa

El Diario / Submitted | 22.06.2012 | 00:15

Villa Ahumada-The people of Villa Ahumada are defenseless against a
possible onslaught of organized crime, said the Municipal Public Safety
Director, Mario Santiago.

With just seven policemen and unarmed possible, is to provide security to
just over 8 thousand people.

The latest attack against this corporation drug occurred in the last
municipal administration and led to the resignation of all the elements,
who fled the village after the murder of his immediate boss and two of his
companions.

The waiver of the 12 municipal police officers joined the chaos that
prevailed in the government headed by Fidel Chavez Molina, who had three
directors of Public Safety. The newspaper file states that the commander
Enrique Solis Martial, who was the first director of police, died in a car
accident two weeks after taking office.

He was replaced by Adrian Barron, who six months after taking office was
arrested on April 8, 2008 by the Mexican Army in a narcofuneral.

In May of that year, the last commander died in a clash between gunmen and
police. A command killed six people, including the police chief and two
officers who accompanied him.

“The military said the weapons and the corporation then practically
disappeared,” says Mario Santiago. The surveillance was put in charge of
the now defunct CIPOL and military personnel.

Support takes two hours, arriving in Juarez police

“Here we are virtually defenseless, the elements are functions of guards
and none of them carries a firearm”, he says.

To address the need to establish a police force as required by the Mexican
Constitution, the present city administration launched the call to restore
the Municipal Police. However, very few citizens answered the call.

The owner of the corporation states that managed to recruit 15 men, aged
between 20 and 35, which are currently on academic preparation at the C-4
of the city of Chihuahua.

“When they graduate the Attorney General’s Office will handle the
collective license with the Secretary of Defense, once they are certified
and registered hope that we allocate sufficient weapons element,” he
explains.

The corporation has three units, including two late-model, two cells and
radios. Nothing more.

With just seven guards, four ministerial police and prosecutor assigned to
the investigation of crimes, most of a family or minor offenses, Villa
Ahumada is practically at the mercy of criminal groups that are fighting
for this territory , which appears to favor its enormous illicit activities.

EGF in the north only appointed four police investigators and support if
required, must wait at least two hours in moving from Ciudad Juarez. That
happened last Tuesday, when the body of a young man was exposed to the sun
just over two hours at the point where he was killed.

: Land without law?

Dozens of breaches of the border municipalities of Praxedis G. Guerrero and
Guadalupe, adjacent to Villa Ahumada, which allows drug traffickers,
weapons and stolen cars evade military checkpoints installed at the
Juarez-Mexico Highway.

The same goes for the area of Puerto Palomas de Villa and the border port
Jeronimo-Santa Teresa, also with long dirt roads that connect with this
community borders.

Villa Ahumada has been the scene of violent acts featured, as the
confrontation at the ranch El Vergel, which left 21 dead, or, a slaughter
recorded on another property with seven men victimized, including the
landowner.

In this community are few and poorly trained police officers. Speaking of
the police coordinating the Public Safety Director, Mario Santiago, says
that when violent incidents occur as reported earlier on Tuesday in the
municipal cemetery, can hardly intervene.

Therefore limited to await the call of the competent authority in case you
need support. “If the prosecution asks us our support to cordon off the
crime scene, for example, that would be our share, nothing more,” abounds.

He hopes that in the coming months and have a formal and armed police.

Meanwhile, he points out, the work carried out will be preventive and
simple presence.
**************************************************************

Sedena and Chihuahua police forces are preparing for elections

STATES • 23 JUNE 2012 – 9:36 PM – JUAN JOSÉ GARCÍA AMARO, | CORREPONSAL

It will strengthen security operations, by the police forces and the army,
in the municipalities of Villa Ahumada and Meoqui, where in recent days has
picked up the climate of insecurity.

Photo: Juan Jose Garcia Amaro

Ciudad Juarez • All security institutions, with the support of the Army,
will be on high alert to ensure the safety of the population during the
elections held the first of July, said the governor of Chihuahua, Cesar
Duarte Jaquez.

The governor said he has been developing several meetings with officials of
the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) for the purpose of coordinating
security operations to be implemented on Sunday in this entity.

“The IFE has already had meetings with us and we will continue to ensure
the safety of people who come to exercise their right, where Chihuahua is
in the best conditions for the process to develop in peace,” he said.

“I am convinced that we have a high civility Chihuahua and I am absolutely
clear that we will get a peace process, and above all, looking for that
once the process of harmony and agreement remains in force,” the president.

He emphasized that no one should be troubled process, “democracy can not go
anywhere near the violence, but that democracy must be accompanied by peace
and social harmony, for that is the democratic exercise to regulate the
healthy coexistence of society. “

In this context, he said that will strengthen security operations, by the
police forces and the army, in the municipalities of Villa Ahumada and
Meoqui, where in recent days has picked up the climate of insecurity.

Duarte Jaquez announced that met with the commander of the 5th Military
Zone, and Chief of Joint Operation Chihuahua, Emilio Landeros Zarate, to
review security strategy applied in this state to combat insecurity.

Two Mexican generals detained for alleged drug gang ties–Reuters; more…

Note this from the Mexican article that is not included in the Reuters
piece:
___________
Information from investigations carried out by DEA inside the US revealed
that some Mexican army and marines have been collaborating with the Zetas
and the Gulf, Sinaloa and Juarez cartels. The US officer, who asked that
his name and agency not be revealed because he was not authorized to make
statements to the press, said that the premise had always been maintained
that military officers were innocent until proven guilty and in some cases,
they will be seeking extradition to the United States so that they can
collaborate with justice in the US.
Information from the US anti-drug agency indicates that, after a year and a
half of operations in US territory, arrests have been made that have led to
the capture of members of the Zetas, as well as those of La Familia
Michoacana, and the Gulf and Sinaloa cartels inside US territory.

New Proceso article on General Acosta Chaparro’s role during Mexico’s dirty war

In case you need more evidence of the character of the Mexican General murdered Friday in Mexico City, see this excerpt from an article now appearing in Proceso. I hear a lot of rhetoric about the “incredible brutality” of the drug cartels and a lot of other superlative language… But there is seldom any questioning among US policy-makers and even among most journalists of Calderon’s claims that the Army are the incorruptible good guys fighting the drug traffickers. For many decades, the Mexican Army has been the major power in the country torturing and killing social activists and also enriching themselves and their civilian partners through drug trafficking. Here is a short example of some activities of General Acosta Chaparro in Guerrero during the “dirty war

The general who killed by the sword, a name associated with torture

In Guerrero he will be remembered as one of the most abominable actors in the dirty war of the Mexican state against dissidents. Since then his name, Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro Escapite-continues to evoke the sensation of burning pain among social activists there, who consider him responsible for the detention and torture of hundreds of political opponents of the PRI regime, as well as the person behind many forced disappearances.

Four days after the Guerrero Congress installed the Truth Commission to investigate the crimes of the dirty war, General Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro Escapite was executed in Mexico City on Friday, April 20, 2012. His name was inevitably linked to torture, enforced disappearance of hundreds of social activists and to many of the as yet unexplained deaths in the dirty war.

His actions in Guerrero during the administrations of Ruben Figueroa Figueroa (1975-1981) and his son, Ruben Figueroa Alcocer (1993-1999), marked him indelibly. In the Fox administration he was one of the soldiers under investigation by the Special Prosecutor for Social and Political Movements of the Past (FEMOSPP), which incorporated a preliminary investigation against him, General Humberto Quiros Hermosillo and then Captain Francisco Javier Barquin for their participation in the torture and murder of 143 people.

The case was referred to military courts, and during the hearings at least 10 soldiers were summoned to testify as witnesses, including Tarin Gustavo Chavez, who said that between 1975 and 1979 he worked as an aide to Acosta Chaparro.

During this period 1,500 arrests were made at checkpoints set up by the army on Guerrero roads and highways. Some of these detainees were transferred to the Military Air Base “Pie de la Cuesta.” According to witnesses, Barquin was responsible for registering their names in a book of people who would be disappeared [libro de pastas negras].

According to some versions, as part of that process, General Quiros Hermosillo and Acosta picked out detainees and posed them on a chair to take “the souvenir photo.” They then shot them in the neck with a .380 caliber pistol which Quiros named “the avenging sword.” The bodies were put into canvas bags, loaded onto an Arava airplane of what was then known as Squadron 301 and the dead would be to thrown into the sea during unauthorized flights.

According to Tarin Chavez, Acosta Chaparro personally executed some 200 people, “all of this with the permission of General Quiros Hermosillo” (Proceso 1356). Despite the incriminating evidence, he and Quiros Hermosillo were exonerated.
(Excerpt from an article appearing this week in the magazine Proceso 1851, now on the newsstands.)

http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=305089